Bio Nitro Power (BNP)
Why Nitrogen is needed for plants?
Nitrogen is the most commonly used mineral nutrient. It is important for protein production. It plays a pivotal role in many critical functions (such as photosynthesis) in the plant and is a major component of amino acids, the critical element constituent component of proteins. These amino acids are then used in forming protoplasm, the site of cell division and plant growth. Nitrogen is necessary for enzymatic reactions in plants since all plant enzymes are proteins. It is a necessary component of several vitamins, e.g., biotin, thiamine, niacin and riboflavin. N is part of the nucleic acids (DNA and RNA).
The earth's atmosphere consists of 78 percent nitrogen and is the ultimate source of nitrogen. In most areas of the world, the nitrogen found in soil minerals is negligible. Nitrogen may be added to or lost from soil by a number of processes. In the soil, nitrogen can undergo a number of transformations.
Rainfall adds about 10 pounds of nitrogen to the soil per acre per year. The nitrogen oxides and ammonium that are washed to earth are formed during electrical storms, by internal combustion engines and through oxidation by sunlight. Some scientists also believe that some of the gaseous products that result from the transformation of nitrogen fertilizers may cause a depletion of the ozone (O3) layer around the earth. The extent of this possible damage has not been substantiated.
Crop residues decompose in the soil to form soil organic matter. This organic matter contains about 5 percent nitrogen. An acre-foot of soil having 2 percent organic matter would contain about 3,500 pounds of nitrogen. Generally, about 1 to 3 percent of this organic nitrogen is converted per year by microorganisms to a form of nitrogen that plants can use.
Legumes fix atmospheric nitrogen through their symbiotic association with Rhizobium bacteria. If plant roots are well nodulated, the legume plant does not benefit from the addition of fertilizer nitrogen. Perennial legumes, such as alfalfa, can fix several hundred pounds of nitrogen per acre per year.
Manure contains an appreciable amount of nitrogen. Most of this nitrogen is in organic forms: protein and related compounds. Cattle manure contains about 10 to 40 pounds of nitrogen per ton. About half of this nitrogen is converted to forms available to plants during the first growing season. Lesser amounts are converted during succeeding seasons. Each ton of applied manure is equal to about 5 to 20 pounds of commercial fertilizer nitrogen.
Commercial fertilizer nitrogen comes in three basic forms: gas, liquid and dry. All forms are equally effective when properly applied. Once applied, fertilizer nitrogen is subject to the same transformations as other sources of nitrogen. There is no difference between the ammonium (NH4+) or nitrate (NO3-) that enters the plant from commercial fertilizer and that produced from natural products such as manure, crop residues or organic fertilizers.
What is BNP?
BNP is made from those microorganisms that fix nitrogen in the soil. Normally they are present in the soil in the shape of Bacteria and Fungus. In our sodic soils high in pH, the microorganism do not perform well and our farmers do not get benefit because of low organic matter, required to mobilize this natural resource
- All the major A symbiotic becteria are present in a proper ratio
- Micro organisms are released immediately after irrigation
- Nitrification is completed within 3 – 4 days
- No Toxic residues
- Safe to human beings
- Acceptable to all soil conditions
- Product is granulated like Urea
- Compares well with Urea in same dose rates